Assessing the efficiency of constructed wetlands in removing PPCPs from treated wastewater and mitigating the ecotoxicological impacts

Thạc sĩVũ Công DanhMohadmed BayatiThi L. HoFengzhen WangElizabeth RogersCraig CuvellierSteve HuebotterEnos C. InnissRanjith UdawattaShibu JoseChung-Ho Lin

Khoa Công Nghệ

Thể loại: Bài báo

Sơ lược nội dung

The prevalence of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in municipal wastewater has led to increased concerns about their impact on both human health and ecosystem. The constructed wetlands have been recognized as one of the cost-effective and green mitigation approaches to remove the PPCPs in the municipal wastewater. In this study, the effectiveness of a full scale constructed wetlands treatment system (CCWTs) in removing the 36 PPCPs was investigated. The load mass of PPCPs discharged by the wastewater treatment plant into the CCWTs was calculated. Removal efficiencies of PPCPs were evaluated based on physico-chemical properties such as octanol-water partition coefficient (Log kow), molecular weight (MW, g mol−1) and the acid dissociation constant (pKa). The CCWTs are especially efficient in removing azithromycin, sertraline, tolfenamic acid, and diphenhydramine with removing efficiency >88%. However, the removal efficiencies of PPCPs in CCWTs exhibit a large variability, depending on physical and chemical properties of the molecules, with 4.7–96.7% for antibiotics, 5–86% for antidepressant and antiseizure drugs, 3.5–88% for NSAIDs, 29–77% for β-blockers and statins and 5.5–94% for other types of PPCPs. In addition, the environmental risk assessment showed that majority of the PPCPs (excluding sulfamethoxazole) in the effluent yielded low aquatic risk (risk quotient, RQ ≤ 0.1) due to the efficiency of CCWTs. The toxicity index scores were calculated by integration of the predicted and available toxicological hazard data into the prioritization ranking algorithm through Toxicological Prioritization Index (ToxPi).

Thông tin chung
Thể loại
Bài báo
Năm xuất bản
16 Thg1 2021
Ngôn ngữ gốc
Tiếng Anh
Tạp chí công bố
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Ấn phẩm số
Vol. 231
Loại tạp chí
Danh mục ISI/Scopus
Chất lượng

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